Topics: number system, binary number system, octal number system, hexadecimal number system, binary addition, binary subtraction, signed numbers, complement representation, binary multiplication, floating point representation, binary codes, binary coded decimal numbers, weighted codes, self implementing codes, cyclic codes, gray code, error detecting codes, error correcting code, Hamming code, BCD addition, alphanumeric codes, Boolean algebra, logic gates, duality principle, Venn diagram, truth table, Karnaugh map, Quine – McCluskey Method, combinational switching circuits, combinational circuits, half adder, full adder, parallel binary adder, 8421 adder, BCD adder, subtractor, multiplexers, demultiplexers, code converter, encoders, priority encoder, magnitude comparator, parity generator, parity checker, programmable logic devices, Field Programmable Logic Array, Programmable Array Logic, Programmable Read Only Memory, Direct Coupled Transistor Logic, Integrated Injection Logic, transistor transistor logic, CMOS Logic, Flip flop, shift registers, counter, Asynchronous Counters, counter ICs, Digital to Analog Converter, Analog to Digital Converter, digital memory, semiconductor memory, read only memory, random access memory, magnetic memory, magnetic bubble memories, charged coupled devices, compact disk read only memory